Current Weather
The Spy FM

U.S. Still Religious, But Trust In Institutions Wanes

Filed by KOSU News in US News.
July 28, 2012

Something is happening when it comes to religion in America.

Though more Americans go to church or believe in God than their counterparts in virtually every other western country, fewer Americans now trust religious institutions. A recent Gallup poll showed that just 44 percent of Americans have a great deal of confidence in “the church or organized religion.”

It’s not clear if it is a permanent shift or just a sign of the times, but NPR’s religion correspondent Barbara Bradley Hagerty says it doesn’t mean that America is less religious.

“Although among young people belief in God is declining, but generally polls show that about 90 percent of Americans actually believe in God,” Hagerty tells weekends on All Things Considered host Guy Raz. “So what’s happening here is a decline in the trust of religious organizations.”

People just don’t want to go to church as much as they used to, Hagerty says, and the societal pressures to go aren’t there anymore. So what we’re seeing is a problem for the religious institutions and not for belief in God, she says.

One type of religious institution in America that is growing, Hagerty says, is the non-denominational Christian churches, whose membership has tripled in the last 20 years. She says marketing, a more relaxed atmosphere and a notion that you can have a “personal relationship with God” all contribute to the growth of these institutions.

“That’s transcendent, that’s transformative,” she says. “Because of that, they seem to give meaning and purpose to people’s lives. It draws people in.”

Pastor Greg Surratt founded Seacoast Church in Mount Pleasant, S.C., nearly 25 years ago. It started with only 65 members but has grown to about 12,000 worshippers today, and it is widely seen as one of the most influential non-denominational evangelical churches in America.

Despite the Gallup poll, Surratt says he doesn’t think religion and people living their lives according to what Jesus would teach will go away, but does say it will change.

“Ten years from now … will [Christianity] look like it does today? Probably not,” Surratt says. “But I think it will thrive and I think it will be strong.”

A Seismic Catholic Shift

This past week, Monsignor William Lynn, the former secretary for clergy at the Archdiocese of Philadelphia, was sentenced to 3 to 6 years in prison for covering up sex abuse by priests.

That scandal is one of the biggest reasons Catholics have been expressing less and less confidence in the church over the past decade. All of this is happening against a backdrop of what Tom Roberts, editor at large for the National Catholic Reporter, calls a seismic shift taking place within the Catholic Church.

“You have a humbling of the church that’s being caused by a lot of outside forces,” Roberts tells Raz. That humbling can be seen in the sale of bishop’s residences in Philadelphia and Boston largely to pay off sex abuse settlements, he says.

Demographers estimate that the number of priests available for service, currently about 18,000, Roberts says, will be halved by age, retirement and infirmity over the next ten years. He says it is still unclear what the church will look like at the end of the decade.

“The changes that we’re in the midst of … I think are significant,” he says. “Where they lead, we’re not certain, but things are changing quite dramatically.”

Given the mix of societal forces, the challenges that come out of the sex abuse crisis and the general disposition toward organized religion today, Roberts says one question is: how do you inspire people to be Catholic?

“What is the community about?” he says. “I think that is a huge question.”

Other Growth

On the other end of the spectrum are those with no affiliation, agnostics and atheists. Their numbers have doubled in the last 20 years, says NPR’s Barbara Bradley Hagerty.

That rise can be attributed to several factors, Hagerty says, including concerns over the merging of religion and politics in the ’90s, and the popularity of atheist scholars like Christopher Hitchens and Richard Dawkins gave rise to what she calls “neo-Atheists.”

“Over the years, more and more people, especially young people, have been willing to come out of the closest [as atheists],” she says.

So will the U.S. go the way of Western Europe, where churches are essentially empty on Sundays? Hagerty isn’t so sure, and cites one key difference.

“We have a free market of religion,” she says, compared to parts of Europe with state-established religions.

In America you have your choice of hundreds of types of churches, she says, and you can go to anything you want.

“What that means is that they’re competing, and it means that they’re thinking … ‘how do we bring people in the doors?” she says. [Copyright 2012 National Public Radio]

Leave a Reply

11AM to 12PM The Story

The Story

The Story with Dick Gordon brings the news home through first-person accounts. The live weekday program is passionate, personal, immediate and relevant to listeners, focusing on the news where it changes our lives, causes us to stop and rethink, inspires us.

Listen Live Now!

12PM to 1PM Fresh Air

Fresh Air

This one-hour program features Terry Gross' in-depth interviews with prominent cultural and entertainment figures, as well as distinguished experts on current affairs and news.

View the program guide!

1PM to 2PM Talk of the Nation

Talk of the Nation

Journalist Neal Conan leads a productive exchange of ideas and opinions on the issues that dominate the news landscape.

View the program guide!

Upcoming Events in your area (Submit your event today!)

Streaming audio and podcasts

Stream KOSU on your smartphone

Phone Streaming

SmartPhone listening options on this page are intended for many iPhones, Blackberries, etc. with low-cost software applications available to listen to our full-time web streams, both News on KOSU-1 and Classical on KOSU-2.

Learn more about our complete range of streaming services

We're perfecting the patient experience - Stillwater Medical Center