Current Weather
The Spy FM

Arctic Exhibit In Texas Highlights A Lifetime Of Work

Filed by KOSU News in US News.
July 13, 2011

While the weather is sultry in Houston, the Menil Collection has a cool exhibit about ancient Arctic cultures.

“Upside Down” is a rare display of artifacts from a place where there is still much to be discovered.

Show Recreates Arctic Environment

When people picture archaeologists hard at work in a far-flung dig, they might imagine the deserts of the Middle East, the ruins of South America or the great savannah in Africa. But in the early 1950s, archeologist and anthropologist Ted Carpenter created a unique trail of discovery by going alone to the Canadian Arctic to live with a family of Inuit hunters.

“[He went] there with nothing and [survived] on the land with an Arctic family,” says Sean Mooney, curator of the show. “And he wintered in Arctic Canada in 1951-52 during a period of extreme famine.”

Mooney helped Carpenter create the exhibit which was first staged at the Musee du quai Branly in Paris before coming to Houston. The show itself exists inside a recreation of Arctic color, light and space.

“In winter, the horizon recedes,” Carpenter wrote about life in the Canadian Arctic. “There is no perspective, no outline, nothing the eye can cling to — a land without bottom or edge.”

To recreate that environment in the museum, Kristina Van Dyke, the museum’s curator of collections and research, says they had to knock down all the walls and raise the floor

“So when you enter the space what you see is just a vast white space and the white floor actually goes all the way to the edge of the wall and starts to curve up towards the wall,” she says

Part of the exhibition is a circular maze of cases of ancient arctic figures, ornaments and tools made from walrus ivory, bone, wood and metal. Artifacts from Dorset, Ekven, Ipiutak and other Old Bering Sea cultures are displayed.

“There’s a Maori pendant where the attachment to the pendant is actually on the figure’s feat. So when the object is hung on a necklace, the pendant hangs facing down upside down,” she says. “And you as a wearer bring it up, you put it in your hand and bring it up in order to orient it right side up.”

Thus the exhibition’s name: “Upside Down.” Many of the artifacts relate to transformation and Van Dyke says they weren’t carved to be displayed on a table or inside a case, but to be handled, twisted and turned.

“If you look down at the object you see what looks like a human figure with the face turned up and arms extended,” she says. “Now if you look at the object in profile you see what looks like a seal with seal flippers. And this is an important idea. It goes back to the idea of imminence; one thing can change into another.”

As beautiful and unique as the ancient artifacts are, the exhibition space itself gives them a run for their money. Speakers hanging from the ceiling move sounds of the arctic wind and Eskimo chants in waves across the large and largely empty white space. Visitors have to put on booties or take off their shoes so as not to scuff the pristine white floor. As you approach a far wall, the floor — almost undetected — becomes a wall of ceremonial dance masks floating shadowless in space.

“To me this is the most effective and beautiful part of Doug’s installation, this corner,” she says. “Because you’re having an almost out of body experience; you really can’t tell where one thing starts and another ends.”

The exhibition is ending on a sad note however. Ted Carpenter died July 1 at the age of 88 in Southampton, N.Y. He leaves behind both a collection of ancient artifacts and intellectual insights into the nature of these arctic tribes. [Copyright 2011 National Public Radio]

Leave a Reply

5AM to 9AM Morning Edition

Morning Edition

For more than two decades, NPR's Morning Edition has prepared listeners for the day ahead with two hours of up-to-the-minute news, background analysis, commentary, and coverage of arts and sports.

Listen Live Now!

9AM to 10AM The Takeaway

The Takeaway

A fresh alternative in morning news, "The Takeaway" provides a breadth and depth of world, national and regional news coverage that is unprecedented in public media.

View the program guide!

10AM to 11PM On Point

On Point

On Point unites distinct and provocative voices with passionate discussion as it confronts the stories that are at the center of what is important in the world today. Leaving no perspective unchallenged, On Point digs past the surface and into the core of a subject, exposing each of its real world implications.

View the program guide!

Upcoming Events in your area (Submit your event today!)

Streaming audio and podcasts

Stream KOSU on your smartphone

Phone Streaming

SmartPhone listening options on this page are intended for many iPhones, Blackberries, etc. with low-cost software applications available to listen to our full-time web streams, both News on KOSU-1 and Classical on KOSU-2.

Learn more about our complete range of streaming services

We're perfecting the patient experience - Stillwater Medical Center